Saturday, January 26, 2019

What is the Fog, and why does it matter?

Its not Karl the fog, but the industrial Fog! In news recently is the joining forces of the Industrial Internet Consortium® (IIC) and the OpenFog Consortium® (OpenFog). While manufacturers are still grappling with new technologies related to the new digital world (i.e Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing) here comes another concept out of left field. So I guess the question is what is it and why does it matter right now, how will this bring me to the order of magnitude productivity increase.

Nobody said revolutions and transformation are easy, they require moving forward into the unknown - something us engineering have a really hard time with. Good news, there is no need to stress or move right now, but it is important to understand what it is. Especially when balancing existing needs served with exiting technologies while at the same time moving into the new paradigm. This is a common topic that I have been talking to many of you out in industry and hear the same frustrations: "We have to help the manufacturing operations today with technologies that we work while trying to figure out which digital technologies are ready for  prime tome now and which will take some more time to mature". Not sure how many people read this blog, but I wanted to try and give you my perspective.

Although the main focus when talking about digital transformation is on people and use of emerging digital technologies such AI, Big Data, IoT, AR/VR, etc. It is important to understand that there is also a fundamental structural shift going on from a hierarchical systems approach to a distributed and collaborative human centered approach. The traditional approach to manufacturing systems design based on ISA-88 and ISA-95 hierarchical architectures which stem from a functional decomposition of the activities required for a manufacturing operation and process. These have served us well but in the future manufacturing operations landscape we will have a dynamic landscape of interconnected and collaborative edge or IIoT devices. They will not be top-down, command and control type architectures, which also put a question to the applicability of the current ISA standards to new digital manufacturing world!

In a Smart Factory the manufacturing system architecture will be more distributed yet not completely "flat". Digital technology takes a human centered approach that augments and support activities on the shop floor. The resulting architecture will be something that is called Heterarchy which in simple words mean a dynamic hierarchy. It is a networked structure that moves and changes with what is going on the production floor. Sounds real theoretical but in fact it is not, it is the same type of structure that we humans operate in every day. A system of independent components that work collaboratively toward a common goal or task. The figure below shows this in a simple graphic, notice the network of collaborative components in the "Internet of Things" model.

Image result for industrial internet of things model traditional
(from: The "Internet of Things" for industrial applications, Technical University of Munchen

So why is it called "Fog", they analogy comes from low clouds that make fog, i.e. bringing the Cloud closer to the edge you get fog - get it? So in the future IIoT and edge devices will not operate completely independently. They will collaborate and form local interconnected networks while using the Cloud as a form of supervisory level and a place to get a perspective on overall manufacturing states, long term predictions, and tasks that require more computing power. These dynamic networks in the "Fog" provides storage and applications that are distributed efficiently between the edge data source and the Cloud. Manufacturing data and information will be stored not only in the cloud but on the IIoT and edge devices in this "Fog". This is very important because in the new digital factory productivity gains will happen by making more intelligent decisions, and these decision will happen at the edge, i.e. on the production floor and not in the Cloud. Data in the Fog can be more accessible, more granular more real-time. Technologies will also allow use of this data, distributed as it may be, without needing to move it or transform it. Probably in the same way that we can visualize data that's in the Cloud today. 

Like I explained in the post about taking manufacturing back to the future the value is in the adaptability of the manufacturing operation that the Fog paradigm supports. Since the process behavior is dynamic and ever changing the only way to get consistent performance is by having adaptive control. Not only can adaptive control manage the ever-changing nature of the process’  internal and external factors, but it can also continuously learn, improve and thereby consistently increase performance and quality.

So this "Fog" concept seems scary and uncomfortable - and fog is in fact wet, cold and uncomfortable. Honestly, i am not that fond of the term either but I think its going to stick for a while. Maybe Holonic is a better term - dynamic and collaborative manufacturing systems and automation networks?

35 comments:

swathi said...

In this post having more usefull information and improve our knowledge.Can you share more valuable information present Technology.
I like your page.Businesses have become very sophisticated today. It is even much likely that most sellers and producers never get to see the actual clients who consume their goods, and vice versa.Thanks for great information you write it very clean. I am very lucky to get this tips from you.
Logistics Software
Fleet Management system
ERP Software Companies
Manufacturing ERP
Human Resources Management Software
CCTV Camera Dealers in Chennai
Web Development

Tech Cloud ERP said...

Hey, unique information...
Thanks for sharing!
here are some useful links you may like...

Cloud ERP Software in Hyderabad | Cloud ERP Software in Hyderabad

Cloud Based ERP Software in Hyderabad | Cloud ERP Software Development Company in Hyderabad

Aruna Ram said...

Really good job, this is a very approach to me and very interesting post.
I hope more different tips from your wonderful blog...!
Power BI Training in Chennai
Power BI Training Fees in Chennai
Tableau Training in Chennai
Spark Training in Chennai
Oracle Training in Chennai
Unix Training in Chennai
Oracle DBA Training in Chennai
Social Media Marketing Courses in Chennai
Pega Training in Chennai
Primavera Training in Chennai

Anbarasan14 said...

This was really a well written blog. I had the best experience reading this blog and gained a lot of new ideas reading this blog.

Spoken English Classes in Velachery
Spoken English in Velachery
Spoken English Classes in Tambaram
Spoken English Class in Chrompet
Spoken English Classes in OMR Chennai
Spoken English Classes in Navalur
Spoken English Class in Ambattur
Spoken English Class in Avadi

stellroselin said...

Great info. The content you wrote is very interesting to read. This will loved by all age groups.
Angularjs Training in Chennai
Angularjs Course in Chennai
CCNA Training in Chennai
Salesforce Training in Chennai
Angular5 Training in Chennai
Angular6 Training in Chennai
Angular7 Training in Chennai
Angularjs Training in Chennai
Angularjs Course in Chennai

nikitha josh said...

Such an excellent and interesting blog, do post like this more with more information, This was very useful, Thank you.
Aviation Academy in Chennai
Air hostess training in Chennai
Airport management courses in Chennai
Ground staff training in Chennai
aviation training in Chennai
cabin crew course in Chennai
diploma in airline and airport management in Chennai
airport ground staff training in Chennai

Anjali Siva said...

Very nice post with lots of information. Thanks for sharing this updates.
Cloud Computing Training in Chennai
Cloud Training in Chennai
Cloud Certification in Chennai
AWS Training in Chennai
Amazon Web Services Training in Chennai
Machine Learning Training in Chennai
Machine Learning course in Chennai
Azure Training in Chennai
AWS course in Chennai

kavithasathish said...

Thanks for posting this article it has really a good content.
Spoken English Classes in Chennai
Spoken English in Chennai
Japanese Classes in Chennai
French Classes in Chennai
pearson vue
German Classes in Chennai
Spoken English Classes in Adyar
Spoken English Classes in Velachery

velraj said...

Great experience for me by reading this blog. Nice article.

Struts Training in Chennai
Struts Training institutes in Chennai
struts Training in T Nagar
struts Training in OMR
Wordpress Training in Chennai
Wordpress Training
Spring Training in Chennai
Hibernate Training in Chennai

high technologies solutions said...

I have been following your post for a long time. I always found it very interesting and valuable. keep posting it is really helpful.

cloud computing course in delhi

cloud computing course in Noida

cloud computing course in Gurgaon

ISO UAE said...

This blog is really helpful to deliver updated affairs over internet which is really appraisable. ISO Consultancy ABU DHABI 

Kerrthika K said...

It's really interesting blog!thanks for sharing this information with us!!
IELTS Coaching in Chennai
Best IELTS Coaching in Chennai
Spoken English in Chennai
Best IELTS Coaching centres in Chennai
German Language Classes in Chennai
IELTS Classes in Chennai
Japanese Language Course in Chennai
IELTS Coaching in Tnagar
IELTS Coaching in vadapalani
IELTS Coaching in Thiruvanmiyur

Demand Generation Agency said...

Very useful article. This is full of information I can't wait to dig deep and start utilizing the useful resource given by you. This is probably the best blog I came across today. I Just want to add about Opgen Media, it is a service-oriented Demand Generation Agency that helps you with the modernization of marketing operations as a strategic partner & provide hands-on execution.

manjuragul said...

The concept you are saying is good. I was so happy after reading this article. Thankyou so much for good article.
DevOps Training in anna nagar
DevOps Training in Chennai
DevOps Training in OMR
AngularJS Training in OMR
DOT NET Training in T nagar
DevOps Training in T Nagar
Big data training in annanagar
Tally Course in OMR

manjuragul said...

Superb ! Your blog is incredible. I am delighted with it. Thanks for sharing with me more information.
RPA Training in anna nagar
RPA Training in Chennai
RPA Training in OMR
Ethical Hacking Course in OMR
AngularJS Training in T Nagar
RPA Training in T Nagar
Tally Course in OMR
DOT NET Training in T nagar

Madhu Balan said...

You have provided a nice article, Thank you very much for this one. And I hope this will be useful for many people. And I am waiting for your next post keep on updating these kinds of knowledgeable things
Oracle Training in Coimbatore
Oracle Training Center in Coimbatore
Best PHP Training Institute in Coimbatore
Best Selenium Training in Coimbatore
Best Software Testing Training Institute in Coimbatore
Spoken English in Coimbatore
IELTS Classes in Coimbatore
German Language course in Coimbatore
Java Training in Bangalore

Mounika said...

Very good explanations of the ERP software basics, it's good to know that! A friend of mine has implemented a company which is best erp software in hyderabad right now, she provides cloud based erp software in hyderabad, so I hope it goes well for her.
Best regards

Toto Site said...

슈어맨 다음드 먹튀다자바 공통 추천 토토사이트 메이저사이트 안전놀이터 슈어맨 다음드 먹튀다자바 공통 추천 토토사이트 메이저사이트 안전놀이터 가장 완전하고 정확한 먹튀검증 3대사이트에서 공통으로 추천하고 있는 스포츠 배팅사이트라면 안전성이나 신속 정확성에서 타사이트에 비해 앞서 있습니다 토토파워가 이를 공개합니다 메이저사이트.

for ict 99 said...

Great Article
Artificial Intelligence Projects for CSE


JavaScript Training in Chennai



Project Centers in Chennai



JavaScript Training in Chennai

shreekavi said...

Wonderful blog. It is really informative to all.keep update more information about this
IELTS Coaching in Chennai
IELTS Coaching in Bangalore
IELTS Coaching centre in coimbatore
IELTS Coaching in madurai
IELTS Coaching in Hyderabad
ielts training in marathahalli
IELTS Classes in Bangalore
IELTS Coaching in BTM
German Classes in Bangalore
Selenium Training in Bangalore

chandhran said...

Thanks for sharing such a wounderful blog, this blog content is clearly written and understandable.
DevOps Training in Chennai
DevOps Training in Bangalore
Best DevOps Training in Marathahalli
DevOps Training Institutes in Marathahalli
DevOps Institute in Marathahalli
DevOps Course in Marathahalli
DevOps Training in btm
DOT NET Training in Bangalore
Spoken English Classes in Bangalore
Data Science Courses in Bangalore

sasi said...

Superb! Your blog is incredible. I am delighted with it. Thanks for sharing with me more information.
Hadoop Training in Chennai
Hadoop Training in Bangalore
Big Data Course in Coimbatore
Big Data Hadoop Training in Bangalore
Big Data Course in Chennai
Big Data Training in Coimbatore
Angularjs Training in Bangalore
web designing course in madurai
hadoop training in marathahalli
hadoop training in btm

Niyaz said...

Fantastic blog!!! Thanks for sharing with us, Waiting for your upcoming data.
Digital Marketing Course in Chennai
Digital Marketing Course
best digital marketing course in chennai
Digital Marketing Training in Chennai
Digital marketing course in vadapalani
Digital marketing course in porur
Python Training in Chennai
Hadoop Training in Chennai
Big data training in chennai
JAVA Training in Chennai

sasi said...

It's a very awesome article! Thanks a lot for sharing information.
Best Artificial Intelligence Training in Chennai
Artificial Intelligence Course in Chennai
Python Classes in Bangalore
Python Training Institute in Chennai
Python Course in Coimbatore
python training in hyderabad
ai training in bangalore
artificial intelligence course institute in bangalore
best artificial intelligence course in bangalor
salesforce course in bangalore

Inoventic Creative Agency said...

Hello Admin!

Thanks for the post. It was very interesting and meaningful. I really appreciate it! Keep updating stuffs like this. If you are looking for the Advertising Agency in Chennai | Printing in Chennai , Visit Inoventic Creative Agency Today..

saran said...

Impressive! I finally found great post here. Nice article on data science . It's really a nice experience to read your post. Thanks for sharing your innovative ideas to our vision.
Digital Marketing Training Course in Chennai | Digital Marketing Training Course in Anna Nagar | Digital Marketing Training Course in OMR | Digital Marketing Training Course in Porur | Digital Marketing Training Course in Tambaram | Digital Marketing Training Course in Velachery

deiva said...

"Valuable one...thanks for sharing..
Digital Marketing Training Course in Chennai | Digital Marketing Training Course in Anna Nagar | Digital Marketing Training Course in OMR | Digital Marketing Training Course in Porur | Digital Marketing Training Course in Tambaram | Digital Marketing Training Course in Velachery

"

saran said...

Excellent information with unique content and it is very useful to know about the information based on blogs
Digital Marketing Training Course in Chennai | Digital Marketing Training Course in Anna Nagar | Digital Marketing Training Course in OMR | Digital Marketing Training Course in Porur | Digital Marketing Training Course in Tambaram | Digital Marketing Training Course in Velachery

Devi.Angularjs said...

IEEE Final Year projects Project Centers in Chennai are consistently sought after. Final Year Students Projects take a shot at them to improve their aptitudes, while specialists like the enjoyment in interfering with innovation. For experts, it's an alternate ball game through and through. Smaller than expected IEEE Final Year project centers ground for all fragments of CSE & IT engineers hoping to assemble. Final Year Project Domains for IT It gives you tips and rules that is progressively critical to consider while choosing any final year project point.

Spring Framework has already made serious inroads as an integrated technology stack for building user-facing applications. Spring Framework Corporate TRaining the authors explore the idea of using Java in Big Data platforms.
Specifically, Spring Framework provides various tasks are geared around preparing data for further analysis and visualization. Spring Training in Chennai


The Angular Training covers a wide range of topics including Components, Angular Directives, Angular Services, Pipes, security fundamentals, Routing, and Angular programmability. The new Angular TRaining will lay the foundation you need to specialise in Single Page Application developer. Angular Training

Aishu said...

Very useful post. thanks for posting.
IELTS Coaching in chennai

German Classes in Chennai

GRE Coaching Classes in Chennai

TOEFL Coaching in Chennai

spoken english classes in chennai | Communication training


sudhan said...

Very interesting to read this article.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article. This article inspired me to read more. keep it up.
Cyber Security Training Course in Chennai | Certification | Cyber Security Online Training Course | Ethical Hacking Training Course in Chennai | Certification | Ethical Hacking Online Training Course | CCNA Training Course in Chennai | Certification | CCNA Online Training Course | RPA Robotic Process Automation Training Course in Chennai | Certification | RPA Training Course Chennai | SEO Training in Chennai | Certification | SEO Online Training Course

sowmi said...

Excellent blog!!! I got to know the more useful information by reading your blog. Thanks for posting this blog.
astrologers in india
astrology online
best astrologer in andhra pradesh
best astrology online
astrology
famous astrologer in andhra pradesh
best astrologer near me
top 10 astrologers in andhra pradesh

Dubai Dandb said...

https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com

Dubai Dandb said...

https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com
https://www.happierit.com

vé máy bay đi Canada said...

Aivivu chuyên vé máy bay, tham khảo

vé máy bay đi Mỹ bao nhiêu tiền

các chuyến bay từ mỹ về việt nam hiện này

vé máy bay từ hàn quốc về việt nam

Vé máy bay từ Úc về VN

vé máy bay từ canada về việt nam