Tuesday, February 19, 2008

What are Holonic Manufacturing Systems?

I thought that I would start some posts in this blog about some previous research that I have been involved in- Holonic Manufacturing Systems. I feel that the theory and the fundamental problem that it addresses are still very relevant in todays world - and maybe even more so?

The Holonic Manufacturing System (HMS) is a new paradigm for next-generation manufacturing systems, which presents a concept that can be used to achieve agile manufacturing systems. It suggests a new paradigm in manufacturing, which changes our old outlook, yet brings many challenging technical problems to solve. The HMS theory focuses specifically on the field of manufacturing control and information technology in manufacturing. HMS is aimed at meeting the challenges of manufacturing environment for mass customization or low-volume and high-variety products. The idea behind HMS is to provide a dynamic and decentralized manufacturing process, in which humans are effectively integrated, so that changes can be made dynamically and continuously.

The central concept of HMS is the term “Holon”, which originates from the work of A. Koestler. A Holon is defined as simultaneously a whole and a part of the whole, thus it can be made up of other holons. This property ensures that holons are stable forms, which can survive disturbances. Furthermore, a Holon is autonomous and co-operative and sometimes intelligent. This property ensures that they are intermediate forms, which provide the proper functionality for the form they are part of. Alternatively, holons have a self-assertive tendency, which is a manifestation of their autonomous nature, and have an integrative tendency, which expresses dependence on the larger whole or their co-operative nature. The Holon's hybrid characteristics allows for entities that co-operate with other entities by offering services to them (servers) and at the same time can act autonomously as free a entity (free agent).

Finally the notion of a “holarchy” is introduced as a dynamic hierarchy of self-regulating holons. The strength of a holonic organization, or holarchy, is that it enables the construction of very complex systems that are nonetheless efficient in the use of resources, highly resilient to disturbances (both internal and external), and adaptable to changes in the environment in which they exist. The HMS paradigm seeks to translate this con­cept, that Koestler developed for social organizations and living organisms, into a set of appro­priate concepts for manufacturing industries. The concept combines the best features of hierarchical and heterarchical (the opposite of a hierarchical) organization, since it pre­serves the stability of a hierarchy while provid­ing the dynamic flexibility of heter­archy.

I know that this is very academic - I will follow up with some posts that exemplify this theory in the future. What do you think?

48 comments:

Nascent Dynamics ( ) said...

It seems "this" old computer allows me to respond.

I think the post is terrific. I have been studying your list of references on the Holonics forum. Today I am refering to this post and will provide my detailed notes there and here.

So far, it seems the fundamental science of holonic organization is suitable for a dynamic manufacturing environment. I can see some of the research into biological systems being applied across intelligent controls and social organization within an operation to allow for more agility under pressures. However, the attention going into the research seems to be far deeper than the actual applied theories in low volume/ high mix manufacturing problems.

The traditional organization structure returns to default naturally, much like a homeostatic equillibrium. We experienced this in the military with Command and Control doctrine. The organizational methodology allowed for commanders to direct order by way of intent and trained field level to excercise judgement in the absence/ interruption of direct communications or failure of line integrity. However, the trade off was sometimes what we called "hurry up and wait"- misapplied direction, beaurocratic friction between groups, poor judgement, and other forms of friction that could reach near chaos. We did train for this and had the benefit of an experienced, tested, and proven learning organization with a primary focus on results. Simply put, it was hard to hold it altogether when we didn't have a challenge in front of us. The best thing to do is to continuously stress the system with increasing skill acquisition and difficulty of challenges.

Perhaps this translates to the challenge of holonics in manufacturing. Living systems necessarily require a build up/ break down cycle and must be permitted to grow and evolve. You can't do that in a static environment. You must add feul to the fire and push the limits in order to bring out and have ready the best agile qualities possible.

I think that might change the perspective on continuous improvement from a goal to given need. To truly create an agile operation, you need to be willing to take risks and accept consequences. Generally, I doubt most conventional managers are up to this. They would rather find steady results, avoid set backs, and settle.

I wonder if that is why the research into HMS reached a relative stopping point. Still slightly useful and particularly applicable to computer or mechanical engineering levels. However, I feel I can make sense of it from an organizational standpoint. So thanks for offering the information and other useful references.

Best,

Anthony

Web Design & Development said...

This is a good article & good site.Thank you for sharing this article. It is help us following categorize:
healthcare, e commerce, programming, multi platform,inventory management, cloud-based solutions, it consulting, retail, manufacturing, CRM, technology means, digital supply chain management, Delivering high-quality service for your business applications,
Solutions for all Industries,
Getting your applications talking is the key to better business processes,
Rapid web services solutions for real business problems,
Web-based Corporate Document Management System,
Outsourcing Solution,
Financial and Operations Business Intelligence Solution,

Our address:
2002 Timberloch Place, Suite 200
The Woodlands, TX 77380
281-364-1799

prologic-corp

Steinbeis India said...

Steinbeis India going to start a Certificate Program on Product Design and Manufacturing for B.Tech/BE/Diploma - Mechanical and Industrial Graduates with 100% Job Guarantee.

Unknown said...

That is the right weblog for anybody who wants to seek out out about this topic. You realize a lot its nearly laborious to argue with you (not that I really would want…HaHa). You positively put a brand new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Great stuff, simply nice! casino online

radha said...

Well explained. Keep updating Artificial Intelligence Online Training

Sruthi J said...

Nice blog, very interesting to read
cloud based erp software in india
cloud erp in india
erp hyderabad

Sruthi J said...

Nice blog, very interesting to read
top erp software companies in hyderabad
erp software providers in hyderabad

Nicole said...

Here i had read the content you had posted. It is much interesting so please keep update like this.

Logistics Software
Fleet Management Software
ERP Software Companies

Automation Engineers A.B. Pvt Ltd. said...

This is Great Information..
Thanks For Sharing...
PLC and SCADA Training, PLC Training, Industrial Automation Training, Internships, Industrial Training

DIAC said...

Automation Training in Delhi | PLC SCADA Training in Noida | Job Oriented Training | Industrial Training - 9953489987
We offer placement focussed training programs for the engineers and Diploma holders. For students looking for placements in high-end mechanical design companies and projects based companies, DIAC is a perfect fit for their dreams. All the automation courses are designed and developed by professionals having decades of experience. Call @9953489987, 9310096830.

Varnika said...

Thanks for sharing this blog. We regularly update your blog posts. I would suggest some other articles like this Blog. If anyone searching for entire information about Erp Software for visit thisErp Software for manufacturing Industries.Thanks for sharing this blog.

Subhash Komuravelli said...

Nice blog, very interesting to read
cloud based erp software in india
erp companies in hyderabad
erp software in hyderabad

katetech said...

Thank you for your post. This is excellent information. It is amazing and wonderful to visit your site.
java developers in hyderabad

java developers

java developing companies in hyderabad

java developing companies

java development company in hyderabad

best java developers in india

Subhash Komuravelli said...

Nice blog, very interesting to read
I have bookmarked this article page as i received good information from this.

Cloud Based ERP Software in India | ERP Software Companies in Hyderabad

ERP Hyderabad | ERP Software Providers in Hyderabad

kvenkata519 said...

Thanks for sharing this blog. This blog contain good information about Enterprise resource planning software. Please do more articles like this article. if any one to know more aboutERP Software Demo for visit top erp software company hyderabad,ERP Software Development Company in Hyderabad,ERP Software Providers in Hyderabad.

kvenkata519 said...

Thanks for sharing this blog. This blog contain good information about Enterprise resource planning software. Please do more articles like this article. if any one to know more aboutERP Software Demo for visit top erp software company hyderabad,ERP Software Development Company in Hyderabad,ERP Software Providers in Hyderabad.

kvenkata519 said...

Nice Blog Thanks for sharing this Article. Erp Software is best and right solution to enhance all operations work flow in industries. To know more ERP Software for industries @Visit Cloud ERP Software.
#ERP Software Provider in Inida ,#ERP Software Provider in Hyderabad ,#Best Cloud Based ERP Software in Inida

Unknown said...

Thanks, admin for sharing such an amazing and interesting blog. The IT Company and its services are in demand and doing a great job in the business market.
Website Development Company in Lucknow | Software Company in Lucknow

swathi said...

In this post having more usefull information and improve our knowledge.Can you share more valuable information present Technology.
I like your page.Businesses have become very sophisticated today. It is even much likely that most sellers and producers never get to see the actual clients who consume their goods, and vice versa.Thanks for great information you write it very clean. I am very lucky to get this tips from you.
Logistics Software
Fleet Management system
ERP Software Companies
Manufacturing ERP
Human Resources Management Software
CCTV Camera Dealers in Chennai
Web Development

Subhash Komuravelli said...

Nice blog, very interesting to read
I have bookmarked this article page as i received good information from this.

Best ERP Software in India | ERP Software in India

Cloud Based ERP Software in India | Low Price ERP Software in India

ProPlus Logics said...

Hey Nice Blog!! Thanks For Sharing!!!Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!
SEO company in coimbatore
Best SEO company
website design in coimbatore

Digital marketing services said...

Superb. I really enjoyed very much with this article here.
best digital marketing company

Tony Stark said...

PLC Training in Chennai | PLC Training Institute in Chennai | PLC Training Center in Chennai | PLC Training Centre in Chennai | SCADA Training in Chennai | DCS Training in Chennai | PLC Training in Anna Nagar | PLC Training Institute in Anna Nagar | PLC Training Institute in Chennai | PLC Training Center in Chennai | PLC Training in Chennai | Best PLC Training in Chennai | Best PLC Training Institute in Chennai

Tony Stark said...

PLC Training in Chennai | PLC Training Institute in Chennai | PLC Training Center in Chennai | PLC SCADA Training in Chennai | PLC SCADA DCS Training in Chennai | Best PLC Training in Chennai | Best PLC Training Institute in Chennai | PLC Training Centre in Chennai | PLC SCADA Training in Chennai | DCS Training in Chennai | DCS Training Institute in Chennai | Automation Training Institute in Chennai | Inplant Training in Chennai

Skein Tech said...

Thanks for sharing Information to us. If someone wants to know about,I think this is the right place for you!

mobile app development in coimbatore
mobile app development company in atlanta
3d animation company

Aidoos said...

Nice blog, very interesting to read
Cloud Based ERP Software Solutions
Best ERP Software for small business

Anonymous said...

Nice Blog..... Keep Update.......

Custom apllication development in chennai
UI path development in chennai
rpa development in chennai
Robotic Process Automation in chennai
erp in chennai

zilkerpartners said...

useful information and posts :)
it consulting firms austin

Tech Cloud ERP said...

This is really interesting, you’re a very skilled blogger.
I have bookmarked this article page as I received good information from this.

ERP software for Agro Industries in Hyderabad | best ERP software in Hyderabad

cloud based ERP software in Hyderabad | ERP software manufacturing industries in India

Mounika said...

Very good explanations of the ERP software basics, it's good to know that! A friend of mine has implemented a company which is best erp software in hyderabad right now, she provides cloud based erp software in hyderabad, so I hope it goes well for her.
Best regards

Martin said...

Make sure all drivers are aware of their responsibilities and company vehicle use policies. They should have a complete understanding of your company’s PM schedules, maintenance policies and know what to do if the vehicle needs repair or is involved in an accident. Electronic Logging Devices

james john said...

The article was up to the point and described the information very effectively. Thanks to blog author for wonderful and informative post.
Safety Solution Provider

Mounika said...

Nice explanation about Manufacturing ERP software, it's good to know that! A friend of mine has implemented a company which is the best ERP software in Hyderabad right now, she provides cloud based ERP software in Hyderabad, so I hope it goes well for her.
Best Regards

ERP GOLD said...

Thanks for sharing.Nice blog, very interesting to read
ERP.Gold Software

Sruthi J said...

Very interesting blog,
I have bookmarked this page for more updates.
Cloud Based ERP Software in Hyderabad
Best ERP Software in Hyderabad

Unknown said...

Given article is very helpful and very useful for my admin, and pardon me permission to share articles here hopefully helped:
Erp In Chennai
IT Infrastructure Services
ERP software company in India
Mobile Application Development Company in India
ERP in India
Web development company in chennai

avvilibber28 said...

very good put up, i actually love this web site, keep on it online casino

Dennis said...

Nice Blog!!. Thanks For Sharing..
SAP R/3 Services
SAP B1 Services
SAP Hana
JAVA Development Services
Web Design Company
PHP Development

Dennis said...

Thanks for your blog!!.
JAVA Development Services
HR Pay Roll Software
SAP Software Services
Hotel Billing Software
Web Design Company
Hospital Management Software

saivenkat said...

It is really a great work and the way in which you are sharing the knowledge is excellent.Thanks for your informative article

Cloud Business Management Software suite | Business Management Software

Netzent Technologies said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!
Web Designing Services
Web Development Services
Software Development Services
Mobile Applications Services
Bulk SMS Services
SEO Services
Domain and Hosting Services
Maintenance & Support Services
Software Testing Services
IT Consulting Services

saivenkat said...

Well Said, you have furnished the right information that will be useful to anyone at all time. Thanks for sharing your Ideas.
Business Management Software

Saqib Mirza said...

Are you Looking for a top Video Content Agency So hurry up we have best offers for you :)

Saqib Mirza said...

Hey are you looking for an Video Agency We are working in USA, France, and, UK our rate are very competitive than the market

source codes said...

Excellent blog, and the way you described Holonic Manufacturing System is really impressive.

Best Software Development Company in Nashik
Digital marketing company in nashik
Digital marketing training in nashik
Academic Projects provider in nashik
ERP software provider in nashik
Billing software provider in nashik

Unknown said...

ERP For FMCG Industry
FMCG ERP Software Providers India
Microsoft ERP Software
Microsoft ERP Implementation partner india
Microsoft Navision ERP Software

Microsoft Dynamics NAV
Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central

Vijit Singh said...

Thank you for sharing the information......
Vijit Singh
As a Writer
As a Director
As an actor
Musafir Kissonwala
As an Anchor
As an Organiser
Media Coverage

jadafire said...

nice post..
Fire Extinguisher service
Fire Extinguisher Company